DEWDEMY | HOUSE OF TALENT

Kesediaan Membaca (Reading Readiness) Mengikut Peringkat Umur

Kesediaan membaca atau ‘reading readiness’ adalah suatu tempoh untuk mengubah kanak-kanak daripada bukan seorang ‘pembaca’ kepada seorang ‘pembaca’.

Kesediaan membaca membantu anak-anak yang akan belajar membaca. Anak-anak sedikit demi sedikit dapat menguasai kemahiran membaca dan proses pembelajaran mereka akan lebih mudah.

Ini dikenali sebagai EMERGENT LITERACY dan merupakan sebahagian daripada EARLY LITERACY SKILL.

Tuan Puan boleh membaca lanjut dengan membuat carian di Google dengan keyword “Reading Readiness Sign”.

Berikut Roadmap Reading Readiness mengikut peringkat umur:

UMUR 6 – 12 BULAN (SETENGAH BULAN – 1 TAHUN)
✅ Tunjukkan GAMBAR
✅ Sebutkan perkataan dan beri merasai pelbagai STRUKTUR
✅ Bawa tangannya pegang dan SENTUH (ada buku yang ada struktur seperti bulu, kapas dll)
✅ Perdengarkan dan NYANYIKAN selawat, zikir, lagu yang sesuai
✅ Bermula dengan kemahiran MENDENGAR dahulu sebelum membaca.

UMUR 12 – 18 BULAN (1 TAHUN – 1 TAHUN SETENGAH)
✅ Sebutkan perkataan-perkataan. Mula menyebut PERKATAAN PERTAMA
✅ Tanya SOALAN MUDAH, “Mana kereta?”” “Mana kucing?” pada buku cerita bergambar dan objek sekeliling
✅ Tempoh masa SEKEJAP

Umur 18 – 24 Bulan (1 TAHUN SETENGAH – 2 TAHUN)
✅ Bacakan buku cerita BERGAMBAR yang ringkas.
✅ Namakan objek dalam gambar dan ceritakan kisah dengan ringkas.
✅ Minta anak tunjuk dan cerita dengan bahasa mereka.
✅ Tanya soalan yang lebih panjang sedikit, “Mana kucing yang warna coklat?” Untuk tingkatkan kosa kata.
✅ Pertanyaannya mula lebih PANJANG dan SPESIFIK.
✅ Tempoh masa bertambah namun masih sesuai dengan umur anak. Ikut tahap anak, ada yang cepat ada yang lambat.
✅ Ajak PILIH BUKU SENDIRI untuk dibaca

UMUR 24 – 36 BULAN (2 TAHUN – 3 TAHUN)
✅ Ajak anak sebut perkataan dan frasa mudah daripada buku cerita. Kali ini anak pula yang BERCAKAP pendek.
✅ Bacakan cerita dengan tempoh lebih lama tetapi masih mengikut tahap anak.
✅ Tanya soalan, “Ini apa?” “Mana kucing warna coklat?” Dan anak MENJAWAB dengan ayatnya “Ini kucing warna coklat”.
✅ Tanya berkenaan KISAH, WATAK cerita dengan amat RINGKAS.
✅ Didik anak pilih buku yang MAHU DIBELI atau DIPILIH di perpustakaan
✅ Didik PEGANG BUKU dengan betul (Print Knowledge / Print Awareness)
✅ Didik CARA BUKA HALAMAN buku (Fine Motor Skill)

UMUR 3 – 4 TAHUN
✅ KISAH dan PLOT cerita lebih PANJANG
✅ Kali ini anak pula yang BERCAKAP lebih BANYAK.
✅ Didik anak TUNJUK pada perkataan semasa buku dibacakan
✅ Biarkan anak PURA-PURA MEMBACA dan menulis (walaupun tidak betul)
✅ Lebih banyak soalan dan lebih khusus soalan untuk anak
✅ Contohnya bertanya tentang watak, situasi, jalan cerita dan pengakhiran
✅ Didik kenali BUNYI huruf
✅ Didik cara pegang buku dengan LEBIH betul dan juga PENJAGAAN buku

UMUR 4 – 5 TAHUN
✅ Didik anak MEMBACA NAMA dan LATIHAN AWAL TULIS
✅ Lebih KERAP kenalkan bunyi huruf dan bentuknya.
✅ Contoh: Bbbbb… bola… bbb… bulat… bola bulat… Kemudian kenalkan huruf B
✅ Ajak anak membaca rhymes, pantun, teka teki dan cerita
✅ Mula bacakan cerita dengan TERSUSUN. Minta anak ceritakan semula atau RESPON kepada cerita dengan ringkas dan dipandu oleh ibu/bapa

UMUR 5 – 6 TAHUN
✅ Bacakan lagi cerita buku bergambar yang lebih PANJANG
✅ Ikut TAHAP dan MINAT anak
✅ Latih sebut perkataan dan frasa mudah
✅ Kenalkan bunyi-bunyi huruf / phonemes (boleh Google ya)
✅ Latihan SEBUTAN dan MEMADANKAN perkataan dengan gambar
✅ Latihan EJAAN perkataan mudah
✅ Kenalpasti BENTUK huruf

Semoga tulisan ini membantu menjadikan aktiviti di rumah semakin menarik dan mewujudkan ‘bonding time’ berkualiti.

Kongsikan pengalaman Tuan Puan jika ada aktiviti membaca bersama anak-anak sepanjang RMO ini.

Terima kasih kepada guru saya Cikgu Ib yang mulia kerana berkongsi ilmu ini dalam seminar yang lepas. 

Sumber > Yaqzan Yazed

Ikuti lebih banyak konten di Channel Dewdemy
Klink : t.me/dewdemy

Sebarkan:

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on whatsapp
WhatsApp
Share on telegram
Telegram

Comments

  1. I just want to mention I am beginner to blogs and definitely loved your web-site. Probably I’m likely to bookmark your blog . You definitely have fabulous writings. Many thanks for sharing with us your web page.

  2. A further issue is that video games are usually serious as the name indicated with the main focus on finding out rather than enjoyment. Although, it has an entertainment aspect to keep your children engaged, every game is generally designed to focus on a specific experience or course, such as math concepts or science. Thanks for your article.

  3. I would like to thanks for that attempts you have made in producing this guide. I’m going to the exact same best do the job in the future too. In fact your fanciful writing skills has motivated me to begin my personal blog now. Really the blog is distribution its wings rapidly. Your create up is really a fine sample of it.

  4. Next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not fail me just as much as this one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read, nonetheless I truly thought you’d have something useful to say. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something that you could possibly fix if you were not too busy seeking attention.

  5. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who has been conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this subject here on your blog.

  6. The very next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not fail me as much as this particular one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I really believed you would have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy seeking attention.

  7. I really love your site.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you create this website yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my very own site and would love to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Many thanks!

  8. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I do believe that you need to write more about this issue, it might not be a taboo subject but typically people do not speak about these topics. To the next! Best wishes!!

  9. Hi there, I think your blog could possibly be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, excellent blog!

  10. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it doesn’t fail me as much as this particular one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I genuinely believed you would probably have something useful to say. All I hear is a bunch of moaning about something you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  11. Howdy! I just want to give you a huge thumbs up for the excellent info you have got here on this post. I’ll be coming back to your site for more soon.

  12. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t understand why I cannot join it. Is there anybody getting the same RSS issues? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  13. When I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on whenever a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is an easy method you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  14. I really love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you create this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my very own website and would love to find out where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Appreciate it!

  15. You’ve made some really good points there. I looked on the web for additional information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

  16. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both educative and engaging, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something too few folks are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I stumbled across this during my hunt for something concerning this.

  17. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website before but after looking at a few of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often!

  18. You are so interesting! I do not suppose I’ve truly read anything like this before. So good to discover someone with a few unique thoughts on this issue. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This website is something that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

  19. I’m pretty pleased to find this website. I wanted to thank you for your time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely liked every part of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new information in your site.

  20. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you so much, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

  21. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously think this amazing site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read through more, thanks for the information!

  22. Right here is the perfect site for anyone who hopes to find out about this topic. You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new spin on a topic that has been written about for ages. Wonderful stuff, just great!

  23. This is the right webpage for anybody who wants to understand this topic. You realize so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic that has been discussed for ages. Wonderful stuff, just excellent!

  24. Hello! I just would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great information you have right here on this post. I am coming back to your website for more soon.

  25. I wanted to thank you for this very good read!! I definitely enjoyed every little bit of it. I have you saved as a favorite to check out new stuff you post…

  26. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who was conducting a little research on this. And he actually bought me dinner because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your web page.

  27. I was extremely pleased to discover this website. I wanted to thank you for ones time for this particularly fantastic read!! I definitely enjoyed every part of it and I have you saved to fav to look at new information on your site.

  28. Next time I read a blog, Hopefully it does not fail me as much as this particular one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, but I actually thought you would have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about something you can fix if you were not too busy searching for attention.

  29. When I originally left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the exact same comment. Is there a means you are able to remove me from that service? Thank you!